044: Nutrition in Neuroscience Part 4
Mastering Nutrition Episode 44
00:00:39 Cliff Notes
00:06:12 Anatomy of the brain
00:10:45 The role of the basal ganglia in suppressing the investment of energy in any type of program until there is a worthwhile reason not to suppress it, and how dopamine acts as a signal of value in the basal ganglia via disinhibition
00:19:00 Why we can view Parkinson’s as fundamentally not a problem with movement but as a problem with a perception of the value of investing energy in controlling movement
00:22:26 Tonic and phasic dopamine and the importance of COMT-mediated methylation for regulating the tonic level of dopamine
00:30:36 The importance of GABA in suppressing the programs that dopamine doesn't signal has value in order to make the dopamine signal of value meaningful
00:31:33 Overview of the autonomic nervous system; the sympathetic nervous system mediates the fight-or-flight response, and the parasympathetic nervous system mediates the rest-and-digest response.
00:35:16 The roles of acetylcholine and norepinephrine in the autonomic nervous system, and the importance of nitric oxide to the sexual functions of the autonomic nervous system
00:38:33 Sleep and circadian rhythms, the importance of vitamin A, morning sun exposure, and avoiding blue light at night
00:42:17 Melatonin synthesis, the importance of vitamin B6, BH4, oxidative stress, vitamin B5, methylation, and tryptophan uptake into the brain
00:45:16 Why you can't mimic your natural melatonin rhythm with melatonin supplements
00:47:00 Antidiuretic hormone, the importance of light hygiene for preventing you from getting up to pee in the middle of the night, and why salt might also help
00:50:51 Whether the timing of carbohydrate, protein, and choline supplements makes a difference for your daytime wakefulness, your nighttime sleepiness, your deep sleep, and your REM sleep
00:54:49 The possibility that glycine and magnesium could help get rid of conditioned fear responses
00:55:35 Thoughts on consciousness; are we a ghost in the machine, or are we just a machine?
01:00:29 The default mode network is fundamentally about our inward, introverted-directed processes, contrasted with the executive control network, which is fundamentally about our relationship to the outside world and our extraverted functions.
01:04:54 How activities that had nothing to do with people skills but allowed me to flex my extroverted muscles, like exploring the outside world on my own, helped me with my people skills
01:10:53 Nutrition cannot replace the cognitive work necessary to have a healthy mindset and life, but nutrition does make it easier to do the right thing for your mental health.
Nutrition in Neuroscience Related Content
Mastering Nutrition: Methylate Your Way to Mental Health With Dopamine
Chris Masterjohn Lite: Your Nitric Oxide Genes, Blood Pressure, and Asthma covers nutrition for nitric oxide, which plays a role in the sexual functions of the autonomic nervous system.
Mastering Nutrition: Why You Should Manage Your Zinc Status and How to Do It covers the role of zinc in nitric oxide production
An assortment of other posts on zinc.
Vitamin A Plays an Essential Role in Setting the Circadian Rhythm and Allowing Good Sleep, on the role of vitamin A in melanopsin function.
Mastering Nutrition Episode 10: How to Know if Your Genetics Contribute to Your Sensitivity to Blue Light and Poor Sleep, and What to Do About it on genetic variation in the melanopsin protein.
Mastering Nutrition: Why You Should Manage Your Zinc Status and How to Do It, since the opsin proteins are zinc-dependent.
Chris Masterjohn Lite: How to Manage Your Vitamin B6 Status
Masterclass With Masterjohn: The Antioxidant System
Mastering Nutrition: Why You Need Glycine -- A Panel Discussion
Balancing Methionine and Glycine in Foods: The Database
Chris Masterjohn Lite: Get Better Sleep With Glycine
Chris Masterjohn Lite: How to Manage Your Magnesium Status
Nutrition in Neuroscience Research
The textbook, Neuroscience.
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